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Psalm Singers Gully Gold Puddler

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Sullivan Street, Inglewood VIC 3517

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The remains of this gold puddling machine are alongside Sullivan Street, just outside the Inglewood Nature Conservation Reserve.

The Inglewood Nature Conservation Reserve is packed with significant ruins, remnants and relics relating to the area's rich mining history

Bushwalking, birdwatching and gold prospecting are popular activities throughout the reserve.

Gold puddlers are significant relics from the Victorian gold rush - gold prospecting is allowed in this area, however it is important that you do not disturb the puddler itself as it is a historical feature which must be preserved.


Puddling technology was developed entirely in Victoria from the early 1850s. The need for these machines arose due to the enormous amounts of clay soil in the region which needed to be broken up to retrieve the gold. 

Puddling machines are a very significant development in the history of Victorian gold mining, as they are the only technology or method developed entirely on the Victorian Goldfields. (source)

Information sign at the nearby Battery Dam, an old mine site turned eucalyptus distillery, regarding puddling machines.

Earth Resources offers the following concise description of a puddling machine:

Puddling machines were pioneered on the Victorian goldfields in 1854 as an affordable means of processing gold-bearing clay on a large scale.

A horse dragged a harrow repeatedly through a circular, barklined trough full of clay and water, 'puddling' the mixture into a thin sludge. Any gold freed from the lumpy clay would sink, remaining behind on the bottom of the trough after the watery sludge was drained off. 

A clean-up of the residue, using tin-dish or cradle, would bring the gold finally to light.

Photograph of a gold puddling machine used in Victorian gold mining.
Image source: Federation University Australia E.J. Barker Library (top floor) Mount Helen Victoria


  • Bushwalking is an excellent way to get outdoors and exploring nature.
  • Gold prospecting is the recreational act of searching for natural gold deposits in the ground using tools such as gold detectors, gold pans and gold sluices. The Goldfields region of Victoria is a popular destination for gold prospectors, with many of the world's largest alluvial gold nuggets found in the area!


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